If you happen to occur to know somebody who’s of the Islamic religion and who has misplaced a beloved one, you might wish to understand how to precise your condolences تعزي in Arabic, since such phrases are taken from each the Quran and Hadith. Understanding say at the very least certainly one of these phrases will imply a lot to the individual and his/her household. On this publish, we are going to get conversant in these phrases and their meanings. We may even discuss what takes place on the funeral الجنازة and afterwards throughout the three days of mourning العزاء. You by no means know, you might be visiting an Arab nation and end up going to a funeral the place you’ll wish to know what to anticipate, behave and what to say.
The Funeral الجنازة
Faith الدين performs a giant function in forming right this moment’s funeral practices. However first, how do folks know somebody has handed away? The deceased’s household عائلة المتوفي will first make telephone calls to relations and buddies. Bulletins الإعلانات are additionally made in mosques, within the native newspaper, on the radio, and naturally by phrase of mouth. Most just lately although, you’ll know that somebody has handed away on social media which tends to be the quickest technique to let most individuals know. The announcement الاعلان will embrace the identify of the deceased المتوفى/المرحوم, names of their youngsters if he/she is a mother or father, and time and place of الجنازة.
Here’s a hypothetical instance of an announcement:
Making ready the deceased for burial consists of bathing and wrapping the physique in a white fabric. The deceased is then taken to the mosque for the funeral. At the cemetery المقبرة, the physique is lowered into the graveالقبر and laid on the correct aspect dealing with the route of the holy Kabbah in Mecca. The clergyman then says a prayer for المتوفى/المرحوم with all attendees ending the prayer with a convincing آمين “Amen”.
The Three Days of Mourning العزاء
After the الجنازة, for 3 consecutive days, households of المرحوم open their houses to obtain company who want to provide their condolences التعازي. Two locations are ready to obtain these company, one for the males الرجال and one for the girls النساء. In some circumstances when there are too many individuals to slot in a home, the household rents a tent and chairs to accommodate the folks. It’s thought of an emblem of mourning in Islamic tradition as properly to put on black أسود or darkish colours.
As a visitor, upon arriving, you can be acquired by one of many deceased relations with a phrase of welcome which in flip, you give your تعازي. When you sit down, you’ll be given a cup of Arabic espresso. It’s customary to greet those that are sitting beside you. Throughout these three days, prayers are recited for the soul of المرحوم. A meal or two is served by the household together with steady espresso and water rounds. Dates التمر can also be served. Some households slaughter a sheep and distribute the meat to the poor within the identify of المرحوم.
The aim of those three days of mourning shouldn’t be solely to pay respects and pray for the departed’s soul, however to additionally maintain the departed’s household. Family members, neighbors, and buddies take into account it their ethical responsibility واجب أخلاقي to assist with the preparations, meals and naturally serving to them cope emotionally throughout this troublesome interval.
Even after the mourning interval, the household doesn’t rejoice the primary Eid عيد that comes after الجنازة. Relative’s weddings are additionally postponed for some time out of respect for the mourning household.
Let’s start with what we will say about المرحوم that’s an equal to “God relaxation his soul.” or “God have mercy on his soul.”
We are able to say الله يرحمه if the deceased is male and الله يرحمها if feminine which implies “Could God have mercy on him/her.
A phrase generally used from the Quran is:
انا لله وانا اليه راجعون
That means, “To God we belong and to Him we will return.”
There are additionally phrases to say directed to the deceased’s household and buddies.
.البقية في حياتك
That means, “Could the rest be lived in your life.”
.عظم الله أجركم
That means, “Could God improve your reward.” [for suffering such a loss]